Corporate tax for resident and non-resident companies since the 2012 income tax year is 20%, with companies listed on the South Pacific Stock Exchange paying 10%.
The top marginal personal tax rate is 20%, taking effect at assessable income levels above F$50,000 for residents and from the first dollar of income for non-residents. No income tax is payable by residents on incomes less than F$30,000.
In addition, Social Responsibility Tax (SRT) applies to both tax residents and non-residents earning in excess of F$270,000. The additional rates applying on the excess income range between 13% and 19%.
From 1 August 2017, an Environment and Climate Adaptation Levy (ECAL) also applies, in addition to SRT, to earnings in excess of F$270,000 at a rate of 5% (reduced from 10% with effect from 1 August 2020).
Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT)
Employers are required to pay fringe benefit tax on benefits provided to employees at 20% of the value of the benefit. The “benefits” covered by FBT are wide-ranging.
Effective 1 August 2017, all taxation on dividends distributed by Fiji companies is removed (immediately before this withholding tax of 3% on local shareholders and 9% on offshore shareholders applied).
Withholding taxes on, interest, royalties and management fees paid to non-residents apply at rates varying between 5% and 15% depending on the nature of the payment and the jurisdiction to which payment is being remitted (because of double tax arrangements).
Fiji has also imposed a miscellaneous “services” withholding tax which applies to payments for a professional and independent service providers at 15%. Corresponding tax credits in the recipients’ jurisdictions, even in states with double tax arrangements with Fiji, may not be available for this withholding tax.
Capital Gains Tax (CGT)
CGT of 10% is payable on gains made on the disposal of capital assets (including land and buildings, aircraft, ships, shares, intangible assets and options relating to such assets) by residents on local and foreign assets. A credit is allowed for foreign tax paid on the disposal of those assets. Non-residents are required to pay CGT on Fiji assets. CGT effectively taxes transactions (it is not an income tax) and no indexing is applied.
Value Added Tax (VAT)
VAT is charged on supplies of goods and services including imports at the rate of 9% (reduced from 1 January 2016). Certain supplies are exempt. Other supplies, including those in the nature of exports, are zero-rated. Fiji’s Value Added Tax Act 1991 is similar in concept to, but not identical to New Zealand’s Goods and Services (GST) legislation.
Environmental and Climate Adaptation Levy (ECAL)
ECAL of 5% (reduced from 10% effective 1 August 2020) applies on prescribed imported goods and to the provision of services such as accommodation including home stays, meals, beverages, live entertainment and cinema tickets, as well as hire of rental cars and tours, where the annual gross turnover for the provision of service exceeds F$3 million (reduced from F$1.25m effective from 1 August 2020). The provider of the services must account for ECAL to the tax authorities.
Customs and excise duties
Most imported and some domestically manufactured goods are subject to these duties. Charged goods fall into one of five duty bands ranging between 5% and 32%.
Effective from 1 August 2020, the stamp duties regime was abolished and stamp duties no longer applies to written instruments entered into after 1 August 2020.
From 1 January 2016, 5% of any payment under:
- a contract of service to an independent contractor or
- an agreement to pay commission;
must be deducted and paid to FRCS, unless the sum of payments annually does not exceed F$1,000.
Double Tax Agreements
Fiji has entered into Double Tax Agreements with the following states:
- United Kingdom
- New Zealand
- South Korea
- Papua New Guinea
- United Arab Emirates