Fiji operates a four-level court system. The High Court of Fiji is Fiji’s court of originating jurisdiction, with a right of appeal available to the Fiji Court of Appeal and a further right of appeal available, with special leave, to the Supreme Court of Fiji. Less serious criminal matters, and certain civil matters involving monetary amounts of up to F$50,000, are within the jurisdiction of the Magistrates Court.
The court system is based upon the English common law system and is adversarial.
The court system is supplemented by a number of specialist courts and tribunals. These include:
- the Tax Tribunal, which are first-level forums for adjudication of disputes on income and Value Added Tax,
- the Employment Tribunal, established under the Employment Relations Promulgation, for resolution of employment disputes,
- the Sugar Industry Tribunal regulates Fiji's pivotal sugar industry,
- the Agricultural Tribunals regulate certain tenant rights relating to agricultural holdings,
- the Small Claims Tribunal deals with civil disputes of less than F$5,000 in value.